4 Dharma Seals
Four Dharma Seals are the four characteristics which reflect true Buddhist teaching according to the Mahayana. It is said that if a teaching contains the Four Dharma Seals then it can be considered Buddha Dharma. It is equivalent to the Theravada 3 marks of existence, with the fourth added.
The Four Seals are as follows:
- 1. All compounded things are impermanent
- 2. All emotions are suffering
- 3. All phenomena are without inherent existence
- 4. Nirvana is beyond description