Candi Plaosan, also known as Plaosan Complex is one of the Buddhist temples located in the Bugisan village, Prambanan district, Central Java, Indonesia. Candi Plaosan is easily accessible from Yogyakarta by Surakarta road. Candi Plaosan covers an area of 2,000 square meters with an elevation of 148 meters above sea level. The location is at longitude 7° 44' 13 " South and latitude 110° 30' 11.07" East. The Dengok River is located nearby, about 200 meters away. Candi Plaosan is surrounded by paddy fields along with fertile vegetation such as banana and corn.
Plaosan temple was built in the mid 9th century by Sri Kahulunnan or Pramodawardhani, the daughter of Samaratungga, descendent of Sailendra Dynasty, and who was married to Rakai Pikatan in the Hindu tradition. The Plaosan complex is an ensemble of two Buddhist temples, Plaosan Lor and Plaosan Kidul. The temples are separated by a road; Plaosan Lor is located in the North and Plaosan Kidul in the South. Plaosan Lor consists of two main temple and an open area known as a mandala. Both temples have an entrance, a gate, and the guardian statue known as Dwarapala. Plaosan Lor and Plaosan Kidul are considered to originally be one complex.