Borobudur is the biggest Buddhist temple ever built and also one of the largest religious monuments in the world. The temple was begun in 750 CE by a king of the Sailahendra Dynasty of Java and took many years to finish. Borobudur consists of six polygonal and three circular terraces one on top of the other and each smaller than the one below it. The last three round terraces have seventy three small ståpas on them and a large central one. The sides of all the lower terraces have hundreds of carved panels on them depicting scenes from the Buddhacarita and the Jàtakamàlà and several other Buddhist books. This amazing temple is constructed in such a way that a pilgrim starting at the bottom could learn about the Buddha’s former lives and his last life as he or her made their way to the top. Thus Borobudur is actually not only a temple but also a ståpa and a book of Dhamma in stone.
Borobudur, Golden Tales of the Buddha, John Miksic, 1990.